The resemblance between the two men is greatest，or perhaps Tolstoi’S influence
has been strongest，in their condemnation of European and 0ceidental
Ever since Rousseau our Western civilization has been attacked by the freest and broadest minds of Europe．when Asia began to wake to a realization of her own Power and revoltagainst Western oppression，she hadonh，to peer into Europe’s oxvn files to compile formidable records of the ini-quity of her SO-ealled civilized invaders．Gandhi did not fail to do SO，and in his
“Hind Swaraj”he cites a list of books，many of which were written by Eng-lishmen，condemning European civiliza-tion． But the document to which therecan beno rejoinder is that whichEurope herself has traced in the life-blood of races oppressed and despoiledin the name of lying principles and，above all, in the brazen revelation ofEurope's lies, greed, and ferocity asunfolded during the last war, called the“War for Civilization.” And in itEurope sank to such depths that in herinsanity she even invited the peoples of Asia and Africa to contemplate her
nudity. They saw her and judged her.
The last war has shown as nothing elsehas theSatanic1natureofthecivilizationthat dominates Europe to-day. Every canon of public morality has been broken bythe victors in the name of virtue. No lie has been considered too foul to be uttered.
The motive behind every crime is not re-ligious or spiritual but grossly material...Europe to-day is only nominally Christian.In reality it is worshipping Mammon.2
You will find sentiments such as these expressed again and again, during the last five years, both in India and 1 A term often used by Gandhi. “Untouchability”
is an invention of Satan.” (June 19， 1921.)2 September 8, 1920. Japan. Leaders too prudent to voice them openly show by their attitude that such is their inmost conviction. This is not the least disastrous result of the:Pyrrhic victory of 1918.
Author Romain Rolland
Press BBI Beijing Broadcasting Institute Press
Publication Date July, 2002
Edition First Edition
Page material gelatine plate paper
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