Hand painted Oil painting techniques
The ancient art and Hand painted oil paintings of Renaissance
Europe are very important relationship. Renaissance to the 14th century, the rise of 16th century European idea of a cultural movement, experiencing forces of a thousand years of feudal rule of the Church, people began to get rid of mental slavery, was being detained for many years of classical culture and arouse people's attention. The first started in Renaissance Italy, later extended to Western European countries. The 16th century reached its peak.
European oil paintings of family »Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Giorgione, Titian is the Renaissance leaders. At that time, an endless stream of various schools of style, master masterpiece of a common occurrence for human culture left a treasure trove of numerous difficult to go beyond the classics. The Southern Italy School Titian's Venice is a well-known opaque thick smear of oil painting techniques on behalf of the portrait master.
Ancient and modern, oil painting the most basic techniques are threefold: First, the Nordic Netherlands School, who love to Yang Ke as the representative of the Tuhua thin transparent; Second, Southern Italy School to Weinisiti-thick opaque as the representative of the Tuhua ; Three of Flanders painter Rubens as the representative of the North-South integration techniques of the dark thin transparent Tu, Tu-liang of the thick opaque compromise painting. After the 17th century painter, although with their own unique style and technique, but are not divorced from the opening of these three basic traditional painting techniques. The history of European painting from the point of view, the painting is painted from the wax, plastic eggs on the painting gradually develop. By the 15th century, and by Fan Yang brothers grams of plastic for the completion of a medium to medium oil for the conversion. Because of the innovative techniques, so that the performance of the paintings are brought into full play so that it works in the depth of sound and produce a great leap forward. Therefore, in the 15th century love grams of Fan Yang brothers as the representative of the Netherlands School, is painting the history of the development a major turning point. By the 17th century (before and after the Qing Emperor Kangxi period), after several generations of artists of the continuous improvement so that the oil painting art form created a major turning point, that is, from multi-level hood with the gradual development of an integrated method of performance-based approach And direct painting, oil painting greatly enriched the language and performance skills, make it better.
painting techniques are:
Transparent review of color, that is used not only by white palette diluted oil paint depicting a multi-level. Must be conducted after each layer dry under a layer of color, because every color than the thin, middle and lower classes of color can vaguely revealed, with the top of the subtle color changes in the formation of color. For example, in the crimson smear on the hood of the color of the blue prudent, we will have a thorough violet blue in the cold in which the rich warming effects, which often is not out on the palette of colours. This painting images suitable for performance and solid sense of texture, especially to Weimiaoweixiao figures to depict the delicate skin color changes, it is the skin of the flow of blood under the skin. It is the shortcomings of color gamut narrower, making the small, the complete works long hours and difficult in the immediate expression of the painter's emotional and artistic creation.
Review opaque color, also known as multi-level shading. Monochrome painting, to use the old body paint, and then use color multi-level shape, often painted in the dark of the thin, middle-tone and the Department of layers of thick coated, or covered or reservations, a color contrast. Because of different thickness, showing the rich color and texture rhyme intended.
Transparent and opaque two paintings of the strict law does not distinguish between, often in an artist painting in the comprehensive use. Performance in the dark, or in the shadow of the images, using a transparent review of color can have stability, deep sense of the size and sense of space; opaque color rules easy to follow in the shape of the dark outside the body, increase the screen color saturation. Before the 19th century most of the artists using these two paintings, works of the time normally produce a longer, and some Huawan after a long-term placement, color layer to be completely dry before to describe.
An opaque color, also known as direct shading. That is, on the canvas after the outline of a body images, by virtue of the color images on the screen color or feel the idea of laying color, basically a Huawan, not the correct position by painting Daogua to continue after color adjustment. This painting by the dip in each of the relatively thick paint, color saturation, strokes are more clear, easy-table
To paint a vivid feeling when. After the mid-19th century painter of many more such painting. To make a color after a full-color effect, we must stress that the use of powerful T Tu law, common law into the Tu Tu Ping, casual and thick Tu Tu. Tu Ping is to use a one-way, and even a pen potential Tu large area color, suitable for the smooth and stable static image in the shape of the body; casual Tu refers to the physical basis for painting by the natural trend of turning point Yunbi, strokes compared Loose, flexible; thick Tu is full size or partially thick stack paint, some as high as a few millimetres of color or color, texture paint show the interesting image has been enhanced.
As a language arts, including painting color, shading, line, texture, strokes, texture, light flu, space, form a number of factors, such as composition, the role of the oil painting techniques to the modeling factors or to focus on individual manifested , Oil painting materials to provide adequate performance in the second plane base on the possible use of oil painting techniques. Oil paintings of the production process is skilled artist consciously to control the oil painting materials, select and use art to express ideas, create the art techniques to create the image of the process. Paintings by artists to express both the ideological content, language and display the painting unique painting of the United States ─ ─
painting techniques and introduced down
Brush Pen CO. setback is the root of the Labi coloring method, press T after briefly moving down and then raised, such as the front line against the calligraphy pen, Cangjin firm. Nib and T-Gen Zhanqu color differences, according to the severity of T different direction can produce a variety of changes and interesting.
Brush Pen CO., or with wide fan-shaped dip-pen on the screen after lightly tapping the techniques known as the shoot. Film can produce a certain texture of the ups and downs, neither is very clear, not too simple and too strong to deal with the original color of strokes or to weaken.
Rubbing on the screen refers to two or several different colors of a pen directly parade means parade of color after the mixed nature of the changes, was delicate and distinctive color contrast and brightness, and can play a bridging role in the transition .
Line is the line that use a pen sketches, oil paintings hook line with the general soft cents a sharp idea, but in different styles, round, and the old-school T Chen Shui-bian may also outlined a similar book-like let the center line. Eastern and Western painting are used at the beginning of the modeling, oil painting at an early stage in the usually accurate to stringent Qigao contour lines, and tanks poured pull techniques in a row method is the primary means of shading. Western oil painting that later evolved into the brightness of the first and mainly, but nevertheless, painting the center line and has never lost a factor. Thin, uninhibited, Gong Zheng, or at informal staggered Dieya and repeated use of the various lines, so that more oil rich language, the different lines of the body is dealing with more important. Oriental painting the lines affected by a lot of modern Western style of the masters, such as Matisse, Van Gogh, Picasso, Miro and Klee, are line with the master.
Western oil painting is one of the main types of painting. Quick-drying oil quality to reconcile with paint, draw, after handling the canvas, board, thick paper or painting on the wall art. Early paintings-"Tan pouring pull" (Tempere) painting, using egg yolk or egg white as a condiment Ronghe mineral pigments to paint, further thin transparent oil colors in painting on the cover. 15 century, the Netherlands painter who love grams of flax-brother to switch to oil and walnut oil, fast-drying oil as a reconciling agent, the color easy to reconcile, is widely used. Yunbi features for free, and laying layers, enhancing color brightness, can more fully the performance of objects realistic and rich color effects. Since then, new materials and new techniques will soon spread throughout Europe. Croatian brothers who love therefore be called the European oil paintings were created. China experienced the early 20th century oil painting studies were Jianduo, Li Shutong (1880-1952) and the first such study painting techniques introduced to China.
So used to converge the two adjacent to the color, make it less rigid, taking advantage of color was dry, to clean the fan-shaped pen lightly Swept can achieve this. Can also use a pen on the bottom color will be another boost to generate color So staggered from top to bottom, dead tired and not loose the color effects.
Referring to the pig with a hard mane dip-pen after pen to the head perpendicular to paint Duo will be on the screen. Duo's not very commonly used method, usually only in the fabric of local special needs when it applied.
Emulsion is a material with a long history of outstanding traditional materials, in modern get a new development. Emulsion is the type of material containing water-based and oily constituents of mixed materials, also the advantages of a combination of both. All kinds of painting materials such as eggs Tanpei La Choi, Choi and casein materials are of a wax emulsion campaign. Emulsion materials may be diluted water, drying speed, similar to water-based materials; can be opaque thick smear, do not dissolve in water after the dry, but also has the advantage of oily materials. All kinds of modern propylene, ethylene and other synthetic pigment not only to retain the traditional characteristics of the emulsion material, with the strengths of oily materials and other materials are irreplaceable effect, is a great development in the future of the new material.
The use of natural materials and oil resin paintings as the main medium of painting is the kind of painting, it is from the traditional egg protein, such as color and brewing emulsion material from the evolution of development. Oily material is characterized by slow drying, glossy and thick smear repeated coverage. Oily materials with a strong performance of the wealth of techniques and effects, it can be said almost all the other inclusive of materials and techniques of painting features. Oily material properties allow in-depth and detailed portrait of the object modeling, can show a realistic target rich color, so as to meet the people since the 14th century reproduction of visual real desire to promote the development of Western painting to the realism of the process. After the birth of oil painting has been dominated by the Western art world, and in the world to develop, it also proved the superiority of oily materials. Water-borne materials from the oily material to the transition is a long process of change, almost experienced several thousand years of time, painting materials and techniques of a major breakthrough in the history of art. The use of oil and resin that is different from Western painting techniques of Oriental painting techniques of one of the important characteristics.
Rafah is sometimes necessary to draw paintings in the strong lines and sharp objects that the picturesque edge of the sword or the side of the glass, then can the true-color painting knife blade after using the side of color on the screen will pull excellent color line or face , The body painting knife to draw a solid affirmation, brush or other methods is difficult to achieve.
Hengwo is to wipe brushes, brush with the dark belly of the screen clean, clean, usually with less color large area, can not form a clear strokes, but also paved the bottom of the color commonly used methods. Done in the background or the texture on the ups and downs with the rubbing technique similar to traditional Chinese painting can be painted white to fly the effect of the underlying fabric of the more obvious.
Yishi with a knife in the bottom layer on the color of wet gently downward pressure after the initiation, the surface will have a special color of the fabric. In some special need to describe the texture of local suppression techniques can be used to achieve the desired results.
The earliest human use of water-soluble pigment consisting mainly of material. In the early paintings spontaneously with water, gums or Dongwu Jiao, and other natural substances as paint thinner and adhesives is very natural, they are taken to facilitate the use of simple, in the East and the West early in the painting are the same. Today's watercolor and gouache paint, and so are the type of water-based media, their performance techniques free, smooth, can generate light, transparent results, the Chinese paintings, Japanese paintings, and other Oriental painting the main types of materials.
Painting materials can be divided into the basement materials, oil paints and media materials of three categories. The base material that painting bearing the pigment layer of relying on background materials and coatings. Oil paint is drawn directly to the expression of color and texture of painting the main effect of materials. The media of material is used to adjust and to paint characters and base material combined with the various thinner, with agents and polishing agent.
Build method is a knife instead of brushes, like Niwa Jiang Central Nihui with soil knife, as will color on canvas to build then leave directly Daohen. To build the method can have different levels of thickness changes in the size and shape of knives and a knife in the direction of the rich and also have a different comparison. Painting knife-used for different colors do not make too much blending, in the natural mixed on the screen can produce subtle color relations. Big ups and downs over the color of the method can also be used to build-build. Build method if used properly, it will have a strong sense of shape
Zoned refers to the knife blade in the painting was dry on portraying the color and shape Yam lines sometimes can be exposed to the bottom color. Different painting knife can produce different size depth of change and the brush strokes and painting techniques Tori the color of a point, line and face the ups and downs of the fabric of change.
Points - all of the points before, all in the technique are starting point. As early as in classical techniques in Tan Peila, Dianhua law is a manifestation of the important level of technique. In Vermeer's works are also used in a performance point of strokes to the blinking light and texture objects. Pencil Exhibition of Impressionist de facto became one of its basic characteristics, but Monet, Renoir and Pissarro, such as the different points of their own personality and the changes. Then go to the extreme new impressionist, a mechanical point will be the only technique as its. Modern realism oil paintings are also used to point the density to produce shades, can be caused by the transition certainly not rigid. Point in a comprehensive way of drawing lines and decent and in combination can produce rich contrast, in different shape and texture of the Brush Pen CO., can produce different points strokes, the performance of certain objects of the texture can play a unique role.
Scratch painting knife is the basic purposes, scraping the method is generally used bladed Guaqu screen painting part of the ideal, can also be used to Daogua unnecessary details or weaken the relationship is too strong, so that the screen is tense relations between the relaxation down . Long-term operations at the end of the day operations often need to be part of this Huawan color with a knife Guaqu a timely manner in order to dry until the next day and then painting. Color can also be used dry after painting knife or razor to the rugged Guade formation some. Can not do at the minor adjustments, do something to add.
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