The chief constituent of Valerian is a yellowish-green to brownish-yellow oil, which is present in the
dried root to the extent of 0.5 to 2 per cent though an average yield rarely exceeds 0.8 per cent. This variation in quantity is partly explained by the influence of locality, a dry, stony soil, yielding a root richer in oil than one that is moist and fertile.
The valepotriates in this plant are thought mainly responsible for its sedative effect on the central nervous system. One study shows valerian to be sedative for agitated patients, while it stimulates someone who is suffering from fatigue. Valerian is an excellent remedy for anxiety, nervous tension and insomnia. It is good for treating headaches too. Valerian also has a strengthening action on the heart) good for palpitations) and experiments indicate that it lowers blood pressure. The valepotriates are antispasmodic and valerian is a useful remedy for nervous dyspepsia, stomach cramps, and for a spastic or irritable bowel. It is also an effective treatment for menstrual cramps. Tincture of valerian is reported to clear dandruff.
Constituents: Valepotriates (including valtrate and didovaltrate), glycoside (valerosidatum); volatile oil (up to 2%) containing esters of acetic, butyric and isovalerianic acid, giving valerian's characteristic smell; the oil also contains limonene, a sesquiterpene, calerian camphor, alkaloids, chatinine, valerianine, actinidine, and valerine, choline, tannins, resins.
Main uses: Medical: Nervous tension, insomnia, headaches.
Blends well with : Oakmoss and lavandin, rosemary and it can present interesting effects as a modifier in all types of woody fragrances.
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