Arabian Business and Cultural Guide is a 200+ pages guide for visitors, exporters, and international traders to understand the culture, business culture, and how to do business with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain and other Arab countries. Author: Mohammad Al-Sabt.
of men in the GCC region wear a long sleeved one piece dress that covers
the whole body, called a "Dishdashah" or "Thoub". This garment allows
the air to circulate, which helps cool the body during the hot summer
days. During summer, the Dishdashah is usually made of white cotton to
reflect sunlight. In winter, the Dishdashah is made from heavier fabric
such as wool and comes in darker colors. With the Dishdashah men also
wear a 3-piece head cover. The bottom piece of this head covering is a
white cap that is sometimes filled with holes. This cap, called "Thagiyah",
is used to hold the hair in place. On top of the Thagiyah is a scarf-like
head cover that comes in two types: a light, white head cover called "Gutrah"
which is worn in summer, and a heavy red and white checked head cover
called "Shumag" which is worn during winter.
head covers protect the head from direct sunlight and can be used to cover
the mouth and the nose during sand storms or cold weather. On top of the
Thagiyah and the Gutrah is the "Ogal", which is a black band surrounding
the top of the head to hold everything else in place. When male children
reach puberty they are taught to wear the head covering as a sign for
entering manhood. Inside the house, the head covering is not needed; when
someone has guests in his house he wears it as a sign of respect.