The majority of Arab men in the Arabian peninsula (the Arabian Peninsula consists of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates,
the Sultanate of Oman, and the Republic of Yemen) wear a long sleeved one piece dress that covers the whole body, called a "Dishdashah"
This garment allows the air to circulate, which helps cool the body during the hot summer days.
During summer, the
Dishdashah is usually made of white cotton to reflect sunlight.
In winter, the Dishdashah is made from heavier fabric such as
wool and comes in darker colors.
With the Dishdashah, men also wear a 3-piece head cover. The bottom piece of this head covering
is a white cap that is sometimes filled with holes. This cap, called "Thagiyah", is used to hold the hair in place. On top of
the Thagiyah is a scarf-like head cover that comes in two types: a light, white head cover called "Gutrah" which is worn during
summer, and a heavy red and white checked head cover called "Shumag" which is worn during winter.
These head covers protect the
head and face from direct sunlight and can be used to cover the mouth and the nose during sand storms or cold weather.
On top of the
Thagiyah and the Gutrah is the "Ogal", which is a black band surrounding the top of the head to hold everything else in place.